Our work provides an empirical overview of minimum wages in sub-Saharan Africa (Bhorat et al.2015). We have matched health and climate data at fine resolution. Highlights We study how climate affects diarrheal prevalence in children in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using a well‐established multi‐satellite based product of wetland extent with monthly temporal resolution, we find significant wetland coverage (>10%) occurs at some point in the 15‐year dataset for about 22% of SSA. The equator runs through the middle of Africa , as do the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, making Africa the most tropical continent. It investigates the climate change risks and the use of climate services in decision-making and makes recommendations for actions to enhance the resilience of hydropower schemes. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest share of rain-fed agriculture globally at 95 percent . Africa Weather Temperature and Rainfall (by City and Country) Weather Averages by Month: Temperatures, Rainfall and Rainfall Days for selected areas in Africa ... 2nd Figure = Average High Rainfall = Average rainfall Please Note: The data shown above are averages … Dots indicates average across equal-size bins. South Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in particular are considered Megadiverse countries. 2. A linear regression line based on the ungrouped data is also shown. Development Indicators (2010), the average share of agriculture in value added is about one third in the Sub-Saharan African countries. Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. As a World Community Grid volunteer, you download a secure software program to your computer. Required fields are marked *, The scramble for africa describes what event. World Community Grid receives the results you send back (often called work units or research tasks), combines them with hundreds of thousands of results from other volunteers all over the world, and sends them to the Delft research team. Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland The Southern African group has a relatively low rainfall index and a variability that exceeds that of the Sahel. In sub-Saharan Africa, 95 percent of agriculture depends on rainfall, which makes accurate weather forecasts absolutely crucial. Here we review the projected climate change scenarios for Africa’s maize growing regions using the outputs of 19 global climate models. Your email address will not be published. By 2050, air temperatures are expected to increase throughout maize mega- environments within sub-Saharan Africa by an average of 2.1°C. The Sahara Desert in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world and is one of the hottest, driest and sunniest places on Earth. WASHINGTON ( World Bank Group )–The average quality of policies and institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa was broadly unchanged … We correct for the autocorrelation using spatial polynomials. (2013) Conclusion. Moreover, year-to-year variation in rainfall is a plausibly exogenous shock to Sub-Saharan African economies that is of highly transitory nature: the sample average AR(1) coefficient on rainfall is 0.17 and a distributed lag model shows that the significant effect … This is significant because many rainstorms in sub-Saharan Africa are localized--almost at the level of one farm--and models of rainfall at a 1 km level are rarely available for … Other parts of the region average 30 inches of annual rainfall. Across the whole of sub – Saharan Africa , maximum 20-yr trends expressed as percent of long-term means have ranged from ±3% per annum for rainfall and from −15% to +11% per annum for river flow (not shown). ... and country-specific time trends. A robust debate about the effects of climate change on conflict occurrences has attained wide public and policy attention, with sub-Saharan Africa generally viewed as most susceptible to increased conflict risk. Average GDP per capita. Because they'll use massive, crowdsourced computing power from World Community Grid, they'll be able run simulations at a much higher resolution—exactly what's needed for localized rainstorms. The researchers then begin the difficult work of analyzing the data. 17% of world Combined Land area. It has a dry winter season and a wet summer season. Rainfall changes during the maize growing season varied with location. In Sub-Saharan Africa 11% of the population lived in urban areas in 1950; it is projected that 49% SSA population will live in cities in 2025 (Bigombe and Khadiagala, 2004). Average GDP per capita. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates . Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid. With these varying land features, the climate changes a great deal. For this purpose, we use panel data and apply econometric methods. 95% of agriculture in Africa depends on rainfall. Through the Africa Rainfall Project, researchers at Delft University of Technology will create high-resolution computer simulations of localized rainstorms in sub-Saharan Africa. For sub-Saharan Africa, which has experienced more frequent and more intense climate extremes over the past decades, the ramifications of the world’s warming by more than 1.5° C would be profound. How often does it rain in sub Saharan Africa? According to the World Development Indicators (2010), the average share of agriculture in value added is about one third in the Sub-Saharan African countries. And when your computer is idle or not using its full computing power, it will run a simulated experiment in the background. Rainfall shortage and raised temperatures raise diarrheal prevalence in dry seasons. The main features of the rainfall climatology in West Africa. Average depth of non-compliance (V 1), African and developing country comparison. South Africa has typical weather for the Southern Hemisphere, with the coldest days in June – August . Downloadable (with restrictions)! Here we assess the influence of wetlands on rainfall across sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA). This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Using a new disaggregated dataset of violence and climate anomaly measures (temperature and precipitation variations from normal) for sub-Saharan Africa 1980–2012, we … The Sahara is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. Our main finding is that on average rainfall shocks have an insignificant contemporaneous effect on remittances. Rainfall shocks and intimate partner violence in sub-Saharan Africa Sara Cools, Martin Flatø, and Andreas Kotsadam Journal of Peace Research 0 10.1177/0022343319880252 We use annual variation in rainfall to examine the effects that exogenous, transitory income shocks have on remittances in a panel of 42 Sub-Saharan African countries during the period 1960-2007. Highlights We study how climate affects diarrheal prevalence in children in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub – Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara . African deserts are the sunniest and the driest parts of the continent, owing to the prevailing presence of the subtropical ridge with subsiding, hot , dry air masses. It summarises a This will help scientists better understand these storms and improve forecasting models. Results show that all the reanalyses precipitation data sets provide a relatively good representation of the long‐term statistics of spatiotemporal drought characteristics in sub‐Saharan Africa. Rainfall Variability and Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa Rainfall variability at a time scale from years to days is as much a characteristic of climate as the total amounts recorded. population (Cohen, 2006). The desert valley reached highs of 56.7 degrees in the summer of 1913, which would apparently push the limits of human survival. Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. Sub-Saharan Africa has a wide variety of climate zones or biomes. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. The Africa Rainfall Project will use the computing power of World Community Grid, data from The Weather Company, and other data to improve rainfall modelling, which can help farmers in sub-Saharan Africa successfully raise their crops. Location of Sub-Saharan Africa on World Map Ultimately, this can lead to more accurate rainfall forecasts for sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa Recent Trends and Options for Policy Responses Implemented by. Average precipitation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Though the global average is about 2,190 mega Joule millimetres per hectare per hour per year, South America (particularly Brazil, Columbia and Peru), South-Eastern Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Bangladesh), the Caribbean, and Western and Central Africa have annual mean rainfall erosivities that are greater than 5,000 mega Joule millimetres per hectare per hour per year. Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. In sub-Saharan Africa, 95 percent of agriculture depends on rainfall, which makes accurate weather forecasts absolutely crucial. Climate in Sub-Saharan Africa Level 1 This article first appeared as part of a textbook with readings about science. This paper investigates the effects of rainfall shocks caused by climate change on food security in sub-Saharan Africa (25 countries) compared to developing countries (77 developing countries) over the period 1960-2008. Great parts of North Africa and Southern Africa as well as the whole Horn of Africa mainly have a hot desert climate, or a hot semi-arid climate for the wetter locations. But sub-Saharan Africa shifted to the left. South Africa Summer temperatures typically average around 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), while winter temperatures hover around 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius), with some variation depending on the city. production in Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, with rainfed agriculture accounting for approximately 96 % of overall crop pro-duction (World Bank 2015a). Our final sample consists of 326,645 women in sub-SaharanAfrica and 66,466 women in India. Join World Community Grid today so you and your computer can help accelerate this vitally important research. High levels of absolute poverty—Sub-Saharan Africa has the world’s largest shares of population living under US$1.90 and US$3.10 a day . Rainfall = Average rainfall Please Note: The data shown above are averages and actual amounts may vary. The analysis shows the presence of spatial autocorrelation in rainfall shocks, which compromises the exogeneity of rainfall shocks in many applications. February 2009; Journal of Hydrometeorology 10(1) ... of 20-yr moving average correlations. Africa Rainfall Project: Project Overview. We study the effect of rainfall shocks on intimate partner violence in sub-Saharan Africa. The dunes ca… Sub-Saharan Africa is the part of the continent located south of the Sahara Desert. 5 times less than global average of $12,820.29 23.29 million sq km. Location of Sub-Saharan Africa on World Map Then, your computer contacts the World Community Grid server to let it know that it has completed the simulation, which is then uploaded to our server. Southern Africa has a climate somewhat similar to that of West Africa and southern Sudan. Moreover, year-to-year variation in rainfall is a plausibly exogenous shock to Sub-Saharan African economies that is of highly transitory nature: the sample average AR(1) coefficient on rainfall is 0.17 and a distributed lag model shows that the significant effect … Its terrain ranges from humid rain forests to arid, or dry, plains. Shifting rainfall patterns a growing threat to farming in sub-Saharan Africa Technology key to helping farmers respond, Irish NGO Self Help Africa says Thu, Apr 23, 2020, 06:00 A significant fraction of women are marrying before age 18: 44.7% and 54.1% in sub-Saharan Africa and India, respectively. Due to high present-day temperatures and reliance on rainfed agriculture, sub-Saharan Africa is highly vulnerable to climate change. In the upper right of (a)–(c) is Pearson's correlation coefficient between these time series. Rainfall shortage is predominant, occurring when rainfall is average and low. While this process can take years, it accelerates that would otherwise take decades, or might even be impossible. The rainy season is longest in the northern part of the region, where it lasts from November to March. Low values, however, do not necessarily lead to drought, nor is drought necessarily associated with low rainfall. (2004). These vulnerabilities contribute to short term income losses and increased food insecurity. Across the whole of sub – Saharan Africa , maximum 20-yr trends expressed as percent of long-term means have ranged from ±3% per annum for rainfall and from −15% to +11% per annum for river flow (not shown). In turn, this could give farmers more timely information about when to plant, help them obtain insurance, and become more resilient in the face of climate change. These time series show the average value for quality data areas only (bold black) and for all of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (blue). Here we assess the influence of wetlands on rainfall across sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA). “On an average, just over 409,700 hectares of forest are lost per year in Nigeria, with evaporation rate rapidly increasing while the aggregate rainfall has reduced by seven to 11 per cent per year, between 1990 and 2005, leading to warmer weather in the tropics,” he adds. Shifting rainfall patterns a growing threat to farming in sub-Saharan Africa Technology key to helping farmers respond, Irish NGO Self Help Africa says Thu, Apr 23, 2020, 06:00 capacity in Africa could almost quadruple over the next 20–30 years.3 This policy brief focuses on large hydropower infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa. However, deficiencies are found in the estimation of drought severity, … All of this happens unobtrusively, while you are going about your regular activities such as typing an email, browsing the internet, or while your computer is idle but left on. The findings 1. This has never been done for rainstorms in this region. Per capita annual emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa are about 0.849 tons per person, according to the World Bank, compared to nine tons in Germany … CLIMATE CHANGE AFRICA - The UK has announced a £250m (about sh1trillion) direct aid investment to support programmes on climate and the environment in Sub-Saharan Africa. The production of crops and livestock other than pigs in Sub-Saharan Africa is typically located in semiarid regions (Barrios et al. The mean age at first marriage is only 18.6 years in sub-Saharan Africa and 17.7 years in India. 2008). 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