However, the population of the Dombes had to be estimated (390 nests in 50 colonies) due to lack of census. Weight: 525-1,345 g. The Purple Heron is identified by its long bill and neck, narrow body and wings, orange red head and neck, black plumed cap and chestnut belly. The juvenile Purple Heron is distinguished from juvenile Grey, Goliath, and Black Necked Herons by being browner, having a dark crown, chestnut neck and little wing contrast. Upright and and Bittern stances are used upon disturbance. Survival in migrating populations is affected by conditions on the wintering grounds (den Held 1981, Cave 1983). The flight feathers are dark grey to black. There appears to be individual and perhaps geographical variation among Purple Heron downy chicks. The chin and throat are white, with black streaks extending down the neck onto the upper breast. Females are olive grey with buff scapular and mantle plume. In north Asia, breeding is in summer, June–October. Often more retiring than Gray Heron and rarely seen in open situations. Outside the breeding season it occurs more often in open habitats such as river and mud flats. In east Europe movement from colonies also begins in July and migration is completed by early September (Knysh and Sypko 1997). Chick: Down is sparse and hair like, rufous brown to dark brown above and white below. Reed bed management for conservation is essential to the well-being of the Purple Heron in west Europe. Migration generally occurs by day in small groups, but up to 350-400 birds have been reported in Turkey. Purple Herons are scarce and localized through west Europe because their reed bed habitat is scarce (Hafner 2000). It feeds solitarily by Standing in water within dense emergent vegetation. It is a dark grey medium heron, with orange chestnut head and neck, and chestnut breast. Of these six, four successfully started migration in September. 1999), or elimination for other purposes, e.g. External Links: Usually a single clutch is produced per year, but replacement clutches can occur (van der Kooij 1997). Still searching my archives, I found this photo of Purple Heron taken at the "Etang de Bellebouche" in the Brenne in 2017. Madagascariensis is darker with less obvious streaking than purpurea. Other names: Garza Imperial in Spanish; Héron pourpré in French; Purpurreiher in German; Purperreiger in Dutch; Purpurhager in Swedish; Рыжая цапля in Russian; Cangak merah in Indonesian; Kandangaho (Pilipino), Tagak in Tagalog in (Philippins); Murasaki-sagi in Japanese; Cao lu in Chinese. Weights and measurements: Length: 78-90 cm. It is more often seen in flight than on land, flying to and from night roosts or breeding sites and feeding areas. Blue body. Birds do on occasion use more active behaviors, Feet First Diving (Voisin 1991). Morphological and biochemical study is needed across its range, especially for the threatened population on Cape Verde and the island population of Madagascar. Several greeting Displays are used. Parts of the original descriptions that only refer to the Dutch situation are left out. Nat. The eggs are pale blue-green. Head has a purplish appearance in good light. In some areas such as Europe, it may be considered a Phragmites swamp specialist, but it also uses other emergent plants, such as papyrus. At rest the bird shows a deep red chestnut “shoulder” patch. 2001a). The plumage is largely dark grey above. Craig Robson (2011) A Field Guide to the Birds of South-East Asia. ... A pinkish/purple sheen can be seen on the neck feathers in good light. Conservation Status: IUCN Red List Page The reasons for the population decrease and needed conservation measures are not clear. Least concern ( IUCN 3.1 ) are grayish-blue overall ; purplish head and neck are lacking and geographical... 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