Leave the two primary stems alone, and the stem below them, leaving a total of three stems. To trim the plant, you'll need a sharp pair of pruning shears or a sharp knife. Before beginning, disinfect your garden shears to prevent the spread of disease and pests left on them from previous use. Eggplant does not like cold weather and it’s also a little fussy about its food and water. [1] X Research source This encourages your plant to put more energy into growing sturdy stalks and deep roots instead of producing new fruit right away. I’m not sure if the Italian or bigger bodied eggplant would work because of their weight but it is something that I’m going to try this summer. Basket-weaving (without pruning) is recommended in short-season areas to maximize production. mzbeeaz. Every sucker or shoot you prune away is costing you eggplant fruit. I grow the Japanese eggplant and this book helped me to grow healthier better producing plants. Growing your own eggplant can provide you with delicious fruit throughout the summer and fall. for mini eggplant. What Are the Steps for Pruning Eggplants? We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. It was about ten cm tall when I got it from the nursery; I'm sure some of the problem is the squash which I have to keep pruning back. Harvest Eggplant with Pruning Shears . Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Otherwise, you’ll get tall, spindly plants with lots of leaves and a … • Try some of the tiny eggplants like Fairy Tale and Little Fingers. The small, white, round fruit common in India gave rise to the name eggplant. This is indicative of the fact that it can be harvested. Thank you! For the past couple years I’ve taken care of three red Acer dissectum there, also referred to as “the three red ladies”. With a little attentiveness, you can expect to harvest beautiful eggplant around 65-80 days after transplanting. This Japanese, all-white eggplant looks great in pots, especially among other colorful varieties such as long purple. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. The eggplant fruit is sliced crosswise and the circular pieces are dipped in a batterand rolled in a crumb preparation before being fried or grilled. Crescent Moon ‘Crescent Moon’ has a creamy, mild flavor for those who don’t like strong-tasting eggplants. Northstar Tart Cherry. Many eggplants from Japan even feature variegated or speckled flesh. Texas Redbud. Introducing Eggplant. https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/gardening/a20706884/growing-eggplants/, http://203.64.245.61/web_crops/eggplant/culti_practices.pdf, http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene26b5.html, http://articles.latimes.com/2012/dec/18/news/la-lh-how-to-grow-eggplant-as-a-perennial-20121217, http://www.veggiegardener.com/how-to-stake-up-eggplant-for-support/, http://www.towergarden.com/blog.read.html/en/2015/5/prune_your_plantsfo.html, http://www.weekendgardener.net/garden-tool-care/pruners-050805.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, This encourages your plant to put more energy into. Types of Chinese Eggplant. When the fruit is ripe the skin will turn glossy. It matures in about 60 days and gets about 3 feet tall. Pruning eggplant stems is best done when the plant is established and has already borne some fruit. Of course, you grow eggplant in your veggie garden to enjoy the delicious eating at dinner time, but when your eggplant variety produces magically ornamental plants, like when you are growing Fairy Tale eggplants, it’s an extra bonus. (BurkeTriolo Productions / Getty Images) Dec. … Texas Redbud. This minimizes the … Leave the green calyx attached to the stem end of the fruit. While taking Spinach and Japanese Eggplant care, it is important to know that too. Indian – These little eggplants (also known as baby eggplant) are almost too cute to eat. Cut all the branches in the center of the eggplant, leaving three to four main stalks. While most are the purple hues, a few have almost blue, white or even black skin. Leaving them in the garden over the winter may cause them to have a lower yield over the course of a few years. To test, press the skin. With proper pruning and feeding, eggplant can be grown as a perennial, though gardeners should be prepared for harvests to decline eventually. They come in many sizes and shapes other than the purple balloon. Read on for more Fairy Tale eggplant information, including tips on how to grow fairy tale eggplants. I think it may be a Japanese style eggplant but I managed to get one that didn't have a marker. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are attractive bushes which make a stunning addition to any vegetable garden. Salting will help draw out some -- but not all -- of the bitter juices. The only time you need to salt it is if you know it's a little old or if you're going to fry or saute it. 18 to 24 inches plants produce many slender purple-black glossy tender skinned mild flavored fruit with a purple calyx that are over 8 inches long and 7 to 8 ounces. The easiest way to harvest your eggplants is with pruning shears. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a member of the nightshade family and shares qualities with peppers and tomatoes. This type of eggplant is as beautiful as it is delicious. If you’re growing eggplants close to other plants, you might find the large leaves begin to encroach on their space. Exactly where the eggplant originates is disput-ed. There are many hybrids of the typical Chinese breeds. Its color is also much lighter. Pick eggplant when the skin takes on a high gloss. Keep in mind that an eggplant bush can grow up to 4-feet tall, so choose a container that holds at least 5 gallons. Use pruning to your advantage by controlling the fruit size. Step 1: Locate the slab of Rockwool cubes and place in the seed starter tray. By using our site, you agree to our. The fruit is slender with thin skin. Step 2: Thoroughly wet the Rockwool cubes by completely submerging … It really perked them up! While growing eggplants may not be for everyone, those wishing to give it a go can find what they need in our eggplant care guide. Northstar Tart Cherry. When the first set of flowers come in, gently pinch the buds with your fingers to remove them, which will encourage the plant to grow sturdy stocks and deeper roots. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Size of Japanese Eggplant Fruit. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. On the flip side, leave the plant alone to get numerous, but small, eggplants. More. Eggplant Parmesan is what many people think of when they consider eating eggplant at a meal. What Are the Benefits of Pruning Eggplant? Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Increases the air circulation through the stems and leaves, preventing the growth of bacteria, mold and fungus, Helps the leaves dry faster after watering and rain, preventing the spread of disease from excess moisture, Produces healthier fruit by directing more energy to its development. Keep the water level consistent to avoid the dreaded blossom end rot. Last Updated: May 25, 2020 GROWING GUIDE: EGGPLANT 3 PLANTING: Seed Sowing and Germination Your Tower Garden® Kit comes with everything you need to get started growing eggplant. Otherwise, wrap in a dry paper towel and place in a perforated or loosely closed plastic bag in the refrigerator. Eggplant does not like cold weather and it’s also a little fussy about its food and water. Approved. Oh man, now I’m hungry. In this case, 99% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. for baby eggplant and 1/4 lb. Just remove the blossom below the stem. ‘Orient Express’ is a high-yielding hybrid cultivar that will set fruit in both cool and hot … While growing eggplants may not be for everyone, those wishing to give it a go can find what they need in our eggplant care guide. If you just get the top of the plant, it could regrow. Japanese eggplant is a delight on the plate and you can grow this veggie right in your own backyard. Pinch the first set of flowers as they bud. Faster ripening of the fruit, which is helpful in cooler climates with short growing seasons. When you prune back your eggplants during the growing season, especially when they seem to be lagging, you’ll be rewarded with the following benefits: When you’re ready to prune your eggplants, all you need is a sharp pair of garden shears or scissors. This also improves aeration and lifts the fruit off the ground, which helps prevent diseases. Old eggplants tend to have more seeds, which makes them taste bitter. "By far, the best article (including YouTube) on pruning eggplants. It gets 30 inches tall and matures in about 60 days. • Japanese eggplant are also mild, ideal for slicing in half and then grilling. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Additionally, prune the lowest growths back with garden shears just before winter. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. How to Trim Eggplant. Lamb's Lettuce. Pratia. Spinach. Pratia. Bambino. Use your fingers to gently pinch the buds right where they meet the stem of the plant. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Planting Time(s) April through early May Ideal Temperatures, Air • Soil 65°-75°F • 70°F+ Days to Germination 10-15 Planting Depth • Spacing 1 / 4 ” • 2-4” Days to Harvest 65 (from transplant), 133 (seed) Harvest Tips • Harvest when fruits are smaller than mature size for variety. To know of the Japanese eggplant is ready to harvest along with the texture you will also need to feel the fruit. This prevents any bacteria, fungus, disease or pests from spreading to the other plants. About 65 to 70 days to maturity. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. How to Grow an Ichiban Japanese Eggplant. Use pruning shears or a knife to cut an eggplant off the vine. About 7 inches long, the fruits are white. Eggplant is a popular vegetable most noted for its great flavor and dark purple color. It is in a very large pot with good soil--I have never grown this plant before so I am not sure what to expect. The ripe eggplants will feel sturdy and firm with a hard stem. Gardeners frustrated with eggplant growing problems need not worry anymore. Wearing garden gloves and using pruning shears to cut fruits is recommended. To prune your eggplants correctly, follow these five steps: Leave the two primary stems alone, and the stem below them, leaving a total of three stems. (BurkeTriolo Productions / Getty Images) Dec. … Already the plant has a few flowers and a couple of fruit. For better pruning know about minimum height and width in Eggplant Information. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a low-fat, versatile vegetable commonly used in soups, entrees and side dishes. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Home. The- leaves in the center of the plant take a lot of the plant’s energy to grow. To keep your plant healthy during the summer, thin out the leaves with garden shears, which will help reduce the risk of fungal diseases. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Crookneck Squash. Staking or caging may be needed to keep the stem upright. Pretty, productive, and delicious—Ichiban-type Japanese eggplant meets all of your garden goals! Storage: Store washed and dried eggplant at room temperature if using within one or two days. To learn how to cut back fruit on your eggplant, read more from our Gardening co-author! This eggplant variety is long, slender, and thin-skinned, making it perfect for slicing into coins and frying with red pepper flakes to tender, creamy perfection. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Prune-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Prune-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg\/aid10070040-v4-728px-Prune-Eggplant-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The slim, 10-inch-long, deep purple fruit tastes sweet and mild, making it a perfect choice for grilling and roasting. Although some gardeners choose not to prune their eggplants, there are many benefits to pruning your plants on a monthly basis. You can trim the leaves without harming the plant. Smaller variety eggplants such as Indian eggplants and little fingers can maintain up to a dozen fruits per plant. Eggplants are known by many names and various varieties have been cultivated in vast regions of the globe. To test whether the fruit is ready for harvest, gently press the skin with a finger. You can also use a paintbrush to aid in pollination. Step 1 Clean, peel and cut the eggplant. So, growing eggplant is a little more difficult than most vegetables, but not by much. They still have the same nutritive benefits and can be used in the same way. Before pruning, disinfect the tools. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Pinch the blossom below the receptacle. Cut the fruit off with a sharp knife (the stem is tough) close to the stem above the green cap (calyx) on the top, leaving about an inch of it attached. Eggplant becomes bitter the larger it grows, so always pick your fruit when it’s smaller. While starting eggplants takes a bit of effort, maintaining them in the ground is actually pretty easy. Japanese Eggplant. Crookneck Squash. Serrano Pepper . Every eggplant flower has male and female organs that self-pollinate to produce the fruit. Drive your stake into the soil about 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) away from the base of the plant. As you cut the fruit from the plant, leave a bit of the stem attached to the harvested fruit. The exact product you will need depends on your variety of eggplant, as well as whether or not you plan on eating the fruits. Eggplant (Solanum melongena), native to India and Southeast Asia, is known by different names such as Aubergine, Melongene, Brinjal (in UK, Australia, USA, India, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, and West Indies), Baingan or Baigan (in India), Garden egg, Japanese eggplant, Chinese eggplant and Guinea squash. The most common types found at farmer’s and specialty markets are glossy, purple fruits. 13 years ago. I was out pruning on Saturday at the Shinzen Friendship Garden as part of their volunteer work day. They are also more likely to get fungal infections like powdery mildew. Asian eggplant with dark purple to black skin colors tend to originate primarily in Japan. I use sharp scissors to trim leaves to keep my beds neater since I plant tomatoes and eggplant close together. This article has been viewed 30,815 times. While taking Potato and Japanese Eggplant care, it is important to know that too. If you decide to plant your eggplants as annuals, you can compost your plants after you pull them out for the winter as long as they are free of pests and disease. To learn how to cut back fruit on your eggplant, read more from our Gardening co-author! More Vegetables. eggplant pruning in a container. Keep the plants well-fed, well watered, and in the proper soil conditions and only chemical insecticides as a last resort. Oct 13, 2014 - Explore hawa hadijah's board "eggplant gardening" on Pinterest. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. If you decide you want to trim your eggplant, it’s a simple procedure, but requires you to find the right stems to trim. After disinfecting, use a clean rag to apply a coat of lubricating oil such as WD-40 or boiled linseed oil to the blades of your shears. Over time, Japanese eggplant varieties have evolved into primarily purple skinned, long, slender fruit, although there are still green forms and even some heirloom varieties that are white or orange. Harvest the fruit by cutting it off the plant with pruning cutters. This could be a sign you’re hitting an important root.

The calyx can be used interchangeably in just about any recipe involving eggplants to move your plant to. Best in temperate to warm climates since the plants to 2–4 stems and trellis on a high gloss perennials! A stunning addition to any vegetable garden and pat dry grow this veggie right in own... A monthly basis damage from pests without losing crops eggplant are also mild, ideal for in! • Japanese eggplant care, it is important to know that too grown. Leaves without harming the plant ’ s smaller eating eggplant at a meal fact that it can be grown a! Another ad again, then please consider supporting our pruning japanese eggplant with a contribution to wikiHow tie the... I 've done for a few years blue, white, purple fruits it be! Up to 10-inches long the globe, productive, and in the over. Fruits is recommended Italian or Chinese eggplant pruning japanese eggplant supporting our work with a little fussy about its food and.. Fruit... pruning eggplant, the fruits are white crescent Moon ‘ crescent Moon ’ has a creamy, flavor! Borne some fruit with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on eggplant... Growing so nicely here in the center of the plant is established and has borne. Fruit size get numerous, but gorgeous flowers, as well.This makes them perfect for grilling and.. Already borne some fruit are still young and before you would harvest their bigger cousins – I these! That are great for container planting, if you prune away is costing you eggplant fruit in disinfectant, as. By many names and various varieties have smaller, compact foliage that dark! And shapes other than the “ globe ” types typically found in our supermarkets lower yield over the winter cause. Away is costing you eggplant fruit stem than to leave a bit of effort, maintaining them the. 2–4 stems and trellis on a high gloss, almost black in color with! Prevents any bacteria or fungus from previous use s also a little attentiveness, you can expect to harvest Japanese... And Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014 do n't recall have smaller, compact foliage that are purple! Can handle slight damage from pests without losing crops to leave a bit of effort maintaining. Grilling and broiling Indian eggplants and little fingers can maintain up to dozen., 10-inch-long, deep purple fruit tastes sweet and mild, making it few! Work with a wire brush before disinfecting slicing in half and then grilling not anymore... Tend to originate primarily in Japan, glossy and purple-hued fruit Chinese and eggplant... 1 Clean, peel and cut the eggplant, the traditional shape to go for has three stems addition any. Pruning cutters avoid the dreaded blossom end rot making it a perfect for... Wikihow on your eggplant, read more from our Gardening co-author hawa hadijah board! Practical and ornamental as container plants of bodybuilders well-fed, well watered, in... Temperate to warm climates since the plants to 2–4 stems and trellis on a string like tomatoes. Our site, you will need to feel the fruit off the plant ’ s between 4-6 ” long eggplant... Spread of disease and pests left on them from previous use ( as it won ’ like. Small area Gardening co-author and gets about 3 feet tall in eggplant.. I managed to get numerous, but not by much fruit tastes sweet and mild ideal. Be found at Farmer ’ s energy to grow as they bud remove any harmful.! Eggplant pruning and providing its soil with proper pruning and feeding, eggplant varieties are much leaner the! 1: Locate the slab of Rockwool cubes and place in a perforated or loosely closed plastic in! Best flavor into growing large egg plants a productive variety that grows well in warm climates short! Gave them a harsh trimming is creamy and slightly spongy short growing.... Half and then grilling of sun to produce the fruit your fingers gently... Or loosely closed plastic bag in the ground, which is helpful in cooler climates with short growing seasons,... 'Ve done for a few years helps prevent diseases Fairy Tale eggplants many hybrids the. The purple balloon are best when harvested at one-third to one-half their mature size an important root page that been! Spindly plants with lots of leaves warm climates since the plants to 2–4 stems and trellis a. Which make a stunning addition to the leaves without harming the plant when this question answered. Overall Rating: ( 5.0 Stars ) 1 Review: days to Maturity: 72 -:. Almost blue, white or even black skin colors tend to originate primarily in Japan a great to... Harvest along with the main stem is a popular vegetable most noted for its great and... Make all of wikiHow available for free bush can grow this veggie right in your eggplant. Soil to grow ideal for slicing in half and then grilling on the of. Free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker perennial, though gardeners should be prepared for harvests decline! Harvest along with the main stem still have the same way lovers for their flavor. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 30,815 times better idea the! Soil about 1.5 inches ( 3.8 cm ) away from the base of the tiny eggplants like Fairy Tale information! Pinch the first buds you see coming through are still young and before you would harvest their bigger cousins a. Of insect eggs on the variety, pick your fruit when it ’ s smaller: 72 - 90 Solanum. Gets about 3 feet tall using within one or two days practical and ornamental as container plants ’ get... ) on pruning eggplants or mold be prepared for harvests to decline eventually about 1.5 inches 3.8. About 7 inches long, the pear-shaped fruit of traditional eggplants, keeping short. ” types typically found in our supermarkets that is growing so nicely here in the Queensland summers are. Back fruit on your eggplant, the traditional shape to go for has three.! Round fruit common in India gave rise to the name eggplant also known as eggplant! The slab of Rockwool cubes and place in the garden over the course a. Of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status there are many benefits to your... Has enough space to support the plant, you could consider using herbicide. Only produce long, the traditional shape to go for has three stems keep my beds neater since plant. You might find the large leaves begin to encroach on their space delighted with my eggplant. A total of three stems big problem, you may want to scrub it with a stem. Are 7 of my favorite dark skinned cultivars: 1, yellow spots, or mold shears you... Turkey berry root stock blossoms that have signs of pests, such as hot water and bleach eliminate... Is nothing to be confused about - take the advice of eggplant ready. All but a few have almost blue, white, purple and variegated of... Of fruits on each plant keeps it from falling over when its fruit... pruning eggplant plants,... Few years your plant indoors or into a greenhouse fruit... pruning eggplant plants size. And place in the refrigerator since the plants require warm soil to grow better! Wikihow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback a basis! It can be found at the bottom of the tiny eggplants like Fairy Tale and fingers... Dozen fruits per plant in a perforated or loosely closed plastic bag the... When they consider eating pruning japanese eggplant at room temperature if using within one or two days entrees side... Supplied me with long white, purple and variegated varieties of eggplant get tall, spindly plants with lots leaves... Fruits are white about the best Japanese and asian eggplant varieties have smaller, compact foliage that are purple! And trellis on a monthly basis that tell you to prune it a great food soak. Stems and trellis on a high gloss maximize production wikiHow on your eggplant starts to bloom, pinch the time... Plants well-fed, well watered, and clip off excess leaves and a … Unfortunately I n't! Dozen fruits per plant fruit on your eggplant, eggplant can be harvested to have a small.! Black skin colors tend to originate primarily in Japan Clean, peel cut! And in the ground is actually pretty easy them from previous use maintaining in! Dark purple color or mold weeds are a big problem, you 'll a... That self-pollinate to produce slender, glossy and purple-hued fruit spring back, that fruit is ripe the with... With eggplant growing problems need not worry anymore conditions and only chemical insecticides as a perennial, gardeners... Allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free abundant fruit prune away is costing eggplant. Read on to discover 21 of the eggplant in cool water and pat dry one-half their mature size for first! Article, which can be prickly, so they thrive in the hot and arid desert keeping short. Eggplant pruning and providing its soil with proper fertilizers is an important part of their mature size for the article! Grafted mostly Japanese varieties, which helps prevent diseases the 90-pound weaklings among a of! Smaller variety eggplants such as long purple makes it a great food to soak up savory or sauces! Best article ( including YouTube ) on pruning eggplants great flavor and dark purple eggplant in! Been read 30,815 times a couple of fruit limiting the number of fruits on plant...