Stinging nettle is a prolific perennial plant that has hairs called trichomes lining its leaves and stems. This has been evidenced in part by 2016 study in the Journal of Translational Medicine in which lab rats experienced vasodilation (the relaxing of blood vessels) when injected with a crude stinging nettle extract. The result is an inflammatory reaction accompanied by temporary paresthesia, characterized by a burning or a “pins and needles” sensation. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. Muscle and joint pain 2. Pour fresh water over the area without touching. The effect is attributed to a plant-based compound known as beta-sitosterol, which is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. 2016;14(1):254. Stinging nettles (Urtica spp.) Many times, you may come across a big patch of wild nettles in the garden and forests. Because of its possible effects on blood pressure and blood sugar, stinging nettle should be avoided if your hypertension or diabetes is well controlled with medications. Cameron, M. and Chrubasik, S. Top herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis. Moreover, the effect appeared to be dose-dependent, meaning that larger doses conferred to greater reductions in prostate size. Tendonitis Although researc… Do Agaricus Mushrooms Have Health Benefits? The plant causes a slight discomfort by stinging or pricking but is widely known for its benefits. DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2012.09.016. have fine hairs on the leaves and stems that contain irritating chemicals, which are released when the plant comes in contact with the skin. Nettle stings are certainly the less fun part about nature. It is believed that the very irritants that cause the "sting" of stinging nettles can inhibit enzymes known as cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2763. In some cases, the plant would be used to make a medicinal tonic; in others, the leaves and stems were applied to the skin to treat muscle or joint pain. 2013 Jan 15;20(2):143-7. Ameliorative effects of stinging nettle (. It’s found in gardens, waste areas, near where animals live, and around moist areas such as creeks. Alternative practitioners believe that stinging nettles can reduce pain and inflammation associated with both infectious and non-infection conditions. Generally, the leaves and stems are coated with hair that are silky, brittle, and hollow and contains 3 chemicals, histamine as a skin irritant, acetylcholine which causes burning sensations and serotonin. I love nettles. The best way to prevent a stinging nettle rash is to avoid stinging nettles touching the skin. Andrologia. Fermented stinging nettle tea, both treatment and fertilizer Thanks to fermented stinging nettle tea , create your own 100% organic fertilizer and parasite repellent ! The effect in humans has not been as consistent, in part because the studies usually involved a combination of herbal remedies, including stinging nettle. Can Lemon Balm Help Reduce Stress and Boost Your Health? Phytother Res. Part of this comes from the fact that it is intensely nutritive, being dense with minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. Guggul Extract and Its Possible Health Benefits. Never mind worrying about pests and disease. Left untreated, a severe inflammatory reaction could lead to anaphylaxis, which can be fatal. Cooking stinging nettle gets rid of the stinging hairs. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, has been used as food and medicine for centuries. Qayyum, R.; Din Qamar, H.; Khan, S. et al. Still, it is unclear how much stinging nettle is needed to deliver a therapeutic dose of beta-sitosterol. Use these stinging nettle recipes for fast relief of seasonal allergies and inflammation. Discover fermented stinging nettle tea , an excellent fertilizer for plants in both gardens and vegetable patches, and an amazing pest control agent for most parasites like aphids. Future research will ideally focus on this. A stinging nettle is a type of herbaceous plant, which though first originated in Europe, now grows throughout most of the world. Topical corticosteroid preparations such as hydrocortisone creams or sprays are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Many topical treatments are reputed to counter the negative effects of nettle stings that range from centuries-old folk remedies to modern over-the-counter preparations. Today, the plant’s chemical compounds are under investigation as potential therapeutic agents to treat enlarged prostate, high blood pressure and a variety of inflammatory disorders, such as arthritis, allergies and eczema. You can then prepare nettles as would you any other hearty green. In early Anglo-Saxon and European folk medicine, stinging nettle was used to treat rheumatism, influenza, and gastrointestinal and urinary tract disorder. Other topical remedies include a paste of baking soda and water, calamine lotion and milk of magnesia. Nettle extract (Urtica dioica) affects key receptors and enzymes associated with allergic rhinitis. To avoid stings, always bring along a pair of gloves. Overview. There are six subspecies of the plant, five that actually "sting" you via hairs on the leaves and stems. Lana Butner, ND, LAc, is a board-certified naturopathic doctor and licensed acupuncturist in New York City. If water is not available at all, consider using your own saliva to cleanse the area until you can get to soap and water. No matter what you prefer to call it, a brush with the plant will likely be memorably unpleasant. Urinary tract infections 8. You can consume the leaves fresh, but if you want to preserve the nettle plants to be consumed or used later, there are a few things that you can try. Recognizing the plant and teaching children how to distinguish it can help avoid stinging nettle rash. Is it safe to forage for wild stinging nettle? There are smartphone apps today like FlowerChecker, Google Goggles, and PlantSnapp that allow you to photograph a plant and confirm the general species. Can Saw Palmetto Treat an Enlarged Prostate? There are no guidelines for the appropriate use of stinging needle supplements. Avoid touching the area at first. After 28 days of treatment, the rats experienced a reduction in prostate size similar to the effects of the prostate drug finasteride. Anemia 6. Here you’ll discover the best thing for nettle stings when you’re out and about, and how to create a soothing nettle rash home remedy. They are also sometimes referred to as Chinese nettle, devil's leaf, or, simply, nettles. A 2013 review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews pointed out that studies investigating the use of stinging nettle in treating osteoarthritis were of "very low quality.". Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. When buying dried nettle, only choose products that have been certified organic under the regulations of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). These hairs act like miniature hypodermic needles, injecting you with histamine, folic acid, and other substances that cause localized redness and pain. Lipophilic stinging nettle extracts possess potent anti-inflammatory activity, are not cytotoxic and may be superior to traditional tinctures for treating inflammatory disorders. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0272.2011.01197.x. Herbal Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Alternative practitioners believe that stinging nettles can reduce pain and inflammation associated with both infectious and non-infectious conditions. Rarely, some people may experience a severe systemic or body-wide allergic reaction evidenced by hives or rash, difficulty breathing, dizziness and swelling of the tongue, which warrants immediate medical attention. 2009 23(7):920-6. Our last frost date isn’t usually till June 10th or so, but a lot of our vegetables and herbs can already be planted. Read our, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Diane Macdonald/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images. Top herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis. To better ensure quality and safety, stick with recognized supplements brands, ideally those that have been independently evaluated by a certifying body like the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) or ConsumerLab. 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