The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. Shatterbelts in the Middle East and Africa emerged in the latter 20th century due to the collapse of imperialism, and the subsequent devolution of structures of governance to multiple independent states, most of which had never existed prior to the collapse of colonial authority. Political Boundaries that correspond with physical features such as mountains or rivers. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Apartheid: a legal system that was the physical separation of different races into different geographic areas My definition: separation of people in South Africa based on race Example: There were apartheid laws in South Africa between around 1950 to 1994. a zone of great cultural complexity containing many small cultural groups. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided. A synonymous phrase is “crush zone.”. a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals. questionAdaptive strategy answerUsed AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Author: College Board Subject: AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Keywords The term also is used to refer to ethnic conflict within multiethnic states. A shatterbelt is a region that is caught between colliding external cultural/political forces. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own. The study of human political ... Shatterbelt. What is shatterbelt? An ATTEMPT to marry the concepts of nation and State into one big happy territory. These regions are under persistent stress and they are often fragmented by aggressive rivals. Chapter 8 Key Issue 1 of The Cultural Landscape by James M. Rubenstein as presented by Andrew Patterson. E. wall. A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests, Redistricting for advantage, or the practice of dividing areas into electoral districts to give one political party an electoral majority in a large number of districts. AP ® Human Geography. A region of persistent political fragmentation due to devolution and centrifugal forces. : the departure of whites from places (such as urban neighborhoods or schools) increasingly or predominantly populated by minorities Examples of white flight in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web The white flight that took hold in the county has also ushered in … Adaptive Strategy. Course Syllabus. AP Human Geography Chapter 7 (Ethnicity) Key Terms 🎓questionAcculturation answerTo assimilate or cause to assimilate a different culture, typically the dominant culture. See more. A country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it invoidable and strongly defended. Final Project. A B; Political Geography: the study of the political organizations of the world: state: a politically organized territory with a permanent population, a defined territory, and a government an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values. Cultural Shatterbelt. Almost the entire population of what are today Albania and Kosovo were converted to Islam, and significant numbers were converted in portions of modern-day Bosnia and Bulgaria as well. COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTION. This urban-to-rural transect hierarchy has appropriate building and street types for … kaitibobaitiii. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire afterWorldWar I, the subsequent creation of Yugoslavia, and four decades of the Cold War only temporarily subsumed the turbulent character of this shatterbelt, as witnessed by the violent birth of seven new countries, most of which had never been independent previously, between 1991 and 2008. Fall 2019. The classic example of a shatterbelt is southeastern Europe, especially the Balkan Peninsula. Summer Assignment 2015. Multi-state Nation Terms in this set (20) Acculturation. Regions where boundaries are weakly developed, territoriality is unclear and not well established. monoglot. Inclsionary- Meant to facillitate trade and movement, When a physical feature such as a mountain or river determine a political boundary. The professional boundary between the natural and man-made disappears, enabling environmentalists to assess the design of the human habitat and the urbanists to support the viability of nature. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality. Ethnic Cleansing. characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority. ... AP Human Geography Chapter 6 (Religion) Vocabulary. 27 terms. Cohen's theory predicted that armed conflicts after 1950 would likely occur in areas within the Inner Crescent or Middle east. The vast and rich North American continent, once discovered by Europe,lay open to settlement and exploitation by several of the great powers who possessed thenorth temperate location, wealth, and technology for colonization in the New World. Trust me it is worth your time! Has a defined territory, a permanet population, a government, and is recognized by other states. This concept is the study of how the human evolution of our culture has affected environmental processes and systems. AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Vocab. Those challenges are rooted in history and countries (also called states) must deal with the boundaries left to them by past generations. AP Human Geography is a yearlong course that focuses on the distribution, processes, and effects of human populations on the planet. Although the term itself did not come into wide use until after World War II, the general concept of a shatterbelt appeared in the writings of political geographers several decades earlier. Start studying AP Human Geography-Unit 4. Compounding this complex ethnic geography was the presence of large non-Slavic Christian minorities like the Hungarians and Germans, especially in those portions of the region that fell within the borders of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and many other groups scattered throughout the peninsula. See more. Ap Human Geography Unit 4 Terms 🎓questionState answerDefinition: An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign History shows us that those challenges can and do lead to civil unrest, protest, and armed conflict. Formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country, the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will, an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values, A principle of international relations that holds that final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legitimate rulers of independent states. 00762-133-CED-Human-Geo_FM.indd 3/14/19 9:36 PM the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation, a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites, Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities, 1. ... Chapter 8: Political Geography. a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals. Check out the NEW AP Human Geography Ultimate Review Packet! Supranational definition, outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. Preclearance: Prior to 2013, redistricting plans in some states had to be “precleared” by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) or a three-judge panel in DC, due to past federal discrimination cases regarding violation of the Voting Rights Act. forward capital. shatterbelt theory. The vocabulary from the third unit of the course AP Human Geography, Culture. Kosovo’s independence in the latter year indicates that shatterbelts will remain volatile regions well into the 21st century. Breif and detailed informations about geographic terms. 8. Objectives. For a long time, human geography has maintained four principal divisions, including political, cultural, economic, and social. Exculsionary- Meant to keep people out 2. 20 terms. The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. Write a definition and give one real world example for each of the following terms 1. View and compare CULTURAL,SHATTERBELT,AP,HUMAN,GEOGRAPHY,EXAMPLE on Yahoo Finance. Students learn that political patterns reflect ideas about how Earth's surface should be organized and affect a wide range of activities and understandings. shatterbelt. Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people, a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas. Devolution: AP Human Geography Crash Course There are many serious challenges facing countries today. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . Question 2 Explanation: The correct answer is (D). A synonymous phrase is “crush zone.” Shatterbelts sometimes serve as buffer zones between hostile states or empires, and historically have played an important role in geopolitics. Frontiers. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. The interplay among geography, power, politics, and international relations. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY. … Not all free-response questions on this page reflect the current exam, but the question types and the topics are similar, It was coined at the end of World War I to describe the ethnic and political fragmentation that followed the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, particularly in the Balkans. From the 16th century to the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire controlled large swaths of the Balkans at various times, and imposed Islamic culture on many of the peoples under its rule. a central land area relatively invulnerable to attack and capable of economic and political self-sufficiency. A region of persistent political fragmentation due to devolution and centrifugal forces. A state whose government is under the control of a ruler who is deemed to be divinely guided. AP Human Geography Religion Words. A shatterbelt is an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values. Shatterbelt a region caught between stronger colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistent stress, and ofter fragmented by aggressive rivals Cohen's theory predicted that armed conflicts after … AP Exams are regularly updated to align with best practices in college-level learning. Shatterbelt. Ex. State 2. Units of study include population, migration, culture, language, religion, ethnicity, political geography, economic development, industry, agriculture, and urban geography. AP COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTIONS ARE UPDATED PERIODICALLY Please visit AP Central (apcentral.collegeboard.org) to determine whether a more recent course and exam description is available. A politically organized area in which a nation and State occupy the same space. Shatterbelt. This region has been functionally a shatterbelt for at least 500 years, as it has been geographically sandwiched between more powerful states that attempted to control part or all of the territory. AP Human Geography: Political Patterns This section of the course introduces students to the nature and significance of the political organization of territory at different scales. Regions classified as shatterbelts are characterized by states or territories that have a large degree of ethnic, linguistic, and/or religious diversity, and a history of antagonism and hostility between the groups living there, and can result from the balkanization of larger political entities. a sovereign state inhabited by a relatively homogeneous group of people who share a feeling of common nationality. AP Human Geography > Chapter 8 Vocab > Flashcards Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (15) ... Balkans and Israel (shatterbelt), Amsterdam ... My definition: study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. Ethnic Cleansing. About AP Human Geography. AP Human Geography : War & Terrorism Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. AP Human Geography – Abrey/Ewald Name: _____ Vocab Definition Example Barrio Ethnic Cleansing Ethnocentrism Genocide Multi-Nation State Multi-State Nation Nation Nation-State Race Segregation Self Determination Shatterbelt State Stateless Nation What is “Ethnicity”? Historic North American Shatterbelts. Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. Figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; More broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or may not have a symbolic as well as an apparent or superficial meaning. the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture. 53 terms. AP Test Studying. In a more modern context, shatterbelts often hold what Samuel Huntington has described as “civilizational fault lines,” a key concept in his “clash of civilizations” thesis. knowing only one language. areas where diverse languages are spoken. A majority of the Slavic-speaking peoples in the region retained their Christian religious identity, but they too were divided into Roman Catholics (Slovenes, Croatians) or Orthodox Christians (Serbs, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Bulgarians) whose relationships were frequently antagonistic. the part of a region considered essential to the viability and survival of the whole, esp. 41. Nation 3. crovillos1. As Need help studying?! Boundaries in shatterbelts tend to be fluid and often contested, due to the fact that such political divisions frequently cross cultural regions, splitting ethnic groups between two or more countries. Shatterbelt: A large, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting states and is caught between the conflicting interests of adjoining Great Powers; a zone of chronic political splintering and fracturing: Sovereignty: Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states: State outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. AP Human Geography connection: 2019 CED. Japan, Ireland, Israel, Turkey, France, Iran, Ukraine, Belarus. shatter belt. Neocolonialism definition, the policy of a strong nation in seeking political and economic hegemony over an independent nation or extended geographical area without necessarily reducing the subordinate nation or area to the legal status of a colony. Effective . Cultural Shatterbelt. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. 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