... , clusters of bright red berries form and ride out the winter on the branch ends. It might vary with location and season. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Go to reviews. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. Poison sumac has white berries that droop down, smooth-edged leaves, and smooth bark. My husband and I found a nice patch of smooth sumac and helped ourselves to some of their berries. Staghorn Sumac berries could help make a delightful, healthful drink! Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. While white sumac berries that tend to hang down are poisonous; red sumac berries that tend to bend upward are a nutritional powerhouse. This distinguishes poison sumac from our Herb of the Week friend staghorn sumac, which has red, upright berries, saw-toothed leaves, and fuzzy bark. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Submitted by jonsachs on July 27, 2020 - 3:54pm. Staghorn sumac is an excellent herb for the treatment of inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract, whether or not they are due to infection. This saying also works for the famed poison ivy. I have heard of people purchasing a Staghorn Sumac, and being disappointed in finding no fruit formation after several years of growth. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! The large, bright red cones of the edible sumac at the tips of the branches look nothing like the small clusters of white berries of the poisonous plant. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. Oct 2, 2016 - Unusual to see as a specimen tree. tall, is a perennial deciduous shrub often associated with its poisonous relative Poison Sumac. She confirmed that it was Staghorn Sumac (as opposed to poison Sumac, which has white berries) and she told me her recipe for making Sumac lemonade. It’s casually called “Sumac-Ade.” It packs some good nutrients including Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) and Malic acid. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. Note: Staghorn sumac and poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) are two different plants. Submitted by Paperwings86 Updated: September 28, 2015. The Staghorn Sumac, growing up to 30ft. That's what we want!! Hope that helps. Poison sumac has smooth leaves. It turns out that poison sumac is extremely hard to find in most areas: I met a trained botanist with decades in New England who had never seen it! A bee in flight among the staghorn sumac flowers. Don't worry too much about poison sumac, for while it shares a name, it has white berries, not red ones. I brought a great big bucket and clippers. Poison sumac berries are loose and they dangle down from the branch. I can only speak to my local species of sumac (Staghorn sumac), which appears as a mix of red & green just before they are ready, with most of the berries going bright red when they are ready to harvest. The red berries — red by virtue of the same reddish hairs that cover the tree’s branches — are a great source of malic acid, the substance that gives them a tart, lemony flavor. About this Species: I am lucky enough to have found smooth, fragrant, winged and staghorn sumac all in my area! There are 250 geniuses of Sumac which can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. Notice below that the poison sumac has white flowers in the spring, unlike staghorn sumac that has green. I would like to know if Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) is available in either a male or female plant form? ZBAS*: Zach’s Bee Attraction Score, this is not supposed to be scientific but just based on my many years of observation and bee-shooting with my cameras. The fruit ripens and becomes a maroon color from late summer to early fall. In August, when Scott and I drove to pick-up our first hop order in western Maryland, I noticed that Staghorn Sumac was in full bloom along I-270 . Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. If they are really staghorn sumac, the berries will have a pleasant lemony flavour. They are found around field edges, in pastures, waste areas like abandoned home sites, roadsides, and are occasionally cultivated. We are always surprised by how many visitors to our website are looking for information about poison sumac, not poison ivy and oak. Sumac helps to reduce prostate inflammation as well. Staghorn Sumac is on lists of native, bird-friendly plants mainly because of the clusters of red, fuzzy berries that form in the summer and remain through the winter. reviews (0) 0%. It is impossible to mistake the edible sumac, such as the staghorn, with the poisonous one. It’s made from crushed sumac berries steeped in cold water. They also smoked the leaves and used the stems to make a yellow dye. Sumacs are a transitional species in most forests. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. 10: bees are crazy for it. I had a few stalks of staghorn sumac berries in my store of dried dyestuffs, but I needed more. Poison sumac is not edible, and like any foraged plant or ‘shroom, you should be 110% sure of what you’ve found before eating it. They are both in the cashew family, but poison sumac is more closely related to poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) than staghorn sumac. Lightly floral, tart and refreshing it’s delicious as-is or used as a mixer in cocktails and mocktails. List of key staghorn tree facts. So, check the berries first, then the stems and leaves. Medicinally, it is considered excellent for fluid loss from many different areas of the body. Historically, Native Americans used the fruit to make a lemon-flavored drink. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Welcome To Unique Primtiques Custom Woodworking Our woodworking business is located on our Unique Creek Homestead, a Certified National Wildlife Sanctuary & Certified Indiana Wildlife Sanctuary located in southern Indiana, where we grow our own organic foods, gourmet mushrooms, exotic gourmet It has red clusters of berries rising above the foliage. In glimpses in between work, I’ve witnessed Blue Jays, Red-winged Blackbirds, American Robins, Catbirds, European Starlings, Northern Flickers, and Downy Woodpeckers eating from the red berry clusters. The second thing we need to consider is that most of the flavour is on the outside of the “berries”, and can be washed off by rain. They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Eventually the leaves will drop and the berry clusters will be left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette. There are also similar varieties elsewhere but I am not familiar with them. Be the first to rate and review this recipe . The two can be easily distinguished: Poison sumac has large white berries, and Staghorn Sumac has much smaller red hairy berries. One of the signs of summer’s end in our house was the first sighting of ripe sumac berries. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. 0/4. At one time poison ivy and poison sumac were considered part of the Rhus genus, and some older references still contain this old nomenclature. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… This shrub prefers to be left out in an area where intense sunlight shines for most of the day, and grows best in a well-drained soil. It didn’t take long to fill my bucket. … make it again. Sumac is also used by wildlife and livestock as a shelter. They grow out of freshly disturbed areas, and live 10-15 years before being crowded out by larger trees. The berries are eaten by many birds, the leaves are eaten by sheep, deer, and rabbits occasionally. When you find edible sumac, taste it before taking it - - put a fuzzy berry in your mouth. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. See more ideas about Specimen trees, Sumac, Plants. Sumac Lemonade brewed from foraged sumac berries and cool water tastes like lemonade without any lemons! They are not red. Aside from its use as a spice, Sumac makes for an excellent and quite refreshing drink that rivals lemonade. Staghorn sumac, winged sumac, and smooth sumac are the most common sumac species in Georgia. Its flavor is a delicious cross between lemonade and cranberry juice. Edible sumac berries are a dense, upright, red cluster. If you’re lucky enough to find fresh sumac in your area (staghorn or smooth sumac are the most common types in North America), use it to make sumac-ade. I love the brilliant red-orange leaves which start to turn from green into color just at the time the berries ripen. They have flowers, but no fruit...am I correct in assuming that this is the male plant? Foraged Staghorn Sumac Beer My homebrewing frequency has taken a nosedive recently ( surprise ), but I still try to find time to brew a weird batch when I can. So the next day, I went back to the tree prepared to cut fruit. But it is only really enjoyable when prepared properly. Staghorn Sumac, like many of our favorite edibles, is technically classified as a weed! Staghorn sumac has dentated leaves; in other words it has rough edges. Harvesting Staghorn Sumac Harvesting Staghorn Sumac But isn't sumac poisonous? If it's good and lemony you'll know it! Is It Poison or Therapeutic? What I tried is called staghorn sumac, which is native to NA, but has been taken to some other parts of the world. Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina Sumac berries are sour, cooling and astringent and are used both medicinally, and as a condiment in Middle Eastern cooking. It will reduce inflammation, promote tissue healing, and help reduce infection due to many kinds of bacteria as well as Candida albicans. 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