Endangered plant communities of southern California: Proceedings, 15th annual symposium; 1989 October 28; Fullerton, CA. Urtica dioica (Stinging Nettles) Home Classification Habitat Adaptation Nutrition Reproduction Interactions Recipes Medicinal Uses Curing the Sting References Contact Me. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) may be considered a painful weed by most, but it is a complicated plant with many hidden virtues ranging from a valuable wildlife plant to making beer. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Urtica dioica. Britton NL, 1965. Habitat Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils[4. Urtica dioica ssp. Urtica dioica L. Brennesselwurzel, common nettle, csalángyökér, gazaneh, grande ortie, greater nettle, grosse Brennessel ... U. urens has become less widely distributed due to the reduction of its habitat (3). Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial that gets tall in the summer and dies back down to the ground in the winter.It bears small greenish flowers in the spring. Generally in damp rich soil. Identify stinging nettle via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Stinging Hairs and Other Unique Adaptations Stinging Hairs. The soft, serrated leaves are opposite each other in pairs on the stem. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. 2007). Britton NL; Brown A, 1943. holosericea stinging nettle Legal Status. Urtica dioica L. Nettle Family (Urticaceae) Origin: Europe. Urticaceae . Edible parts of Stinging Nettle: Young leaves - cooked as a potherb and added to soups etc. Name also: Small Nettle, Dwarf Nettle, Lesser Nettle; Family: Nettle Family – Urticaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. Classification. They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In the autumn, the leaf canopy deteriorates rapidly, and by November only the stems remain. Perennial nettles (Urtica dioica) and the annual nettle (Urtica urens) are usually considered to be weeds, although if you have the space to leave some, they can be an excellent source of food and habitat for butterflies such as the red admiral, peacock and small tortoiseshell. It grows to a height of just 10 - 40 cm and is monoecious, i.e. Nettles developed stinging hairs as a defence against grazing animals. Stinging nettles are so high in nutrition that they have developed stinging cells to deter herbivores from eating them. the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles : distribution, habitat, communi-ties, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floralandseedcharacters,herbivoresanddisease,historyandconservation. Publication Author Launert. Conservation status. Habitat: Everywhere!. Habitat Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Publication Author Grieve. New York, USA: Harper Publishing Company. Not assessed. Despite their similarity in causing skin irritation, the two species are considerably different in their biology and preferred habitat. Appearance. It is considered to be either a subspecies of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), or a species in its own right: Urtica galeopsifolia. Nettles can grow on most soil types and can tolerate drier soils. Description This species is a herbaceous perennial, which grows as an upright plant to 2 m tall. Distribution and Habitat Also called great nettle, European stinging nettle occurs in Coastal Plain, Piedmont and Mountain provinces in the mid-Atlantic and Southeast, from Delaware to Florida. Known Hazards The leaves of the plants have stinging hairs, causing irritation to the skin[21. Habitat. There are naturalised populations in several other parts of the world. Names: Stinging Nettle. Edible Parts. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. Urtica dioica L. Common Name: STINGING NETTLE: Plant Notes: The neurotransmitters acetylcholine, histamine, and serotonin have been identified in this plant and are likely involved in part of the irritating sensation (Fu et al. Nettles are hardy perennials that form large clumps up to 1.2m (4ft) in height. Species group: Plants. Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. This plant can quickly establish itself on waste and unmanaged grounds. Urticacea. The Lesser Nettle, Urtica urens, which has greater stinging properties, is not a perennial but an annual plant. Flora of Bermuda. Urtica dioica. Impacts and invaded habitats: Economic impact: "U. dioica is generally regarded as a weedy invasive species. Native range: The native range of Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) includes northern Africa; parts of temperate and tropical Asia; Europe; Canada; Mexico; and the United States. Height: 10–50 cm (4–20 in.). Latin name: Urtica dioica ... Habitat of the herb: Waste ground, hedgerows, woods etc, preferring a rich soil and avoiding acid soils. Family. J. Common name. The complexities of the Stinging Nettle start with its history. Stems are upright and rigid. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Data Sources. California nettle. Plant type: Herbaceous plant covered with stinging hairs. Structural class. SPECIES: Urtica dioica IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : ... Riparian habitat and breeding birds along the Santa Margarita and Santa Ana Rivers of southern California. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Habitat. Stinging Nettle. Status: Not Native, FAC (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. Urtica dioica occurs with lower frequencies in a number of other woodland and scrub communities, ... reaching a peak in shoot biomass between July and September, depending on the habitat (see V B). A comparative study of the influence of drought stress on flowering in Urtica dioica and U. urens. The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. While most people are well aware of the evils of Stinging Nettle, not many are familiar with the good. Effects of habitat fragmentation on the insect community of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) were studied, using 32 natural nettle patches of different area and degree of isolation in an agricultural landscape. Vascular – Exotic. Urtica dioica is widespread through Europe and North America, and also occurs in North Africa and parts of Asia. U.S. Weed Information; Urtica dioica . Urtica dioica subsp. Height: 60-170 cm. The hairs end in a brittle, silica-soaked tip. The plant is native to parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but now it can be found worldwide. but lots of information, mainly temperate plants., 9. galeopsifolia, the fen nettle or stingless nettle, is a herbaceous perennial plant found in Europe. About A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. Perennial nettle. This species (of which there are several recognised subspecies) is also found in North America. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica ) is wild, edible and nutritious food. 3. Leaves: opposite Leaves, ovate, large-toothed along the edge. An illustrated flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant native to Europe; it is now found in abundance throughout temperate North America. Urtica dioica subsp. stinging nettle . Although both are often called stinging nettle, that common name only applies to Urtica dioica. Publisher Penguin Year 1984 ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 Description Not so modern (1930's?) Roots: creeping Rhizome. Stem ascending–erect, often branching, 4-edged, with stinging hairs. Show more photos. Urtica dioica is found throughout Europe, where it is particularly common and widespread in the north. They can also be dried for winter use. Urtica dioica is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.20 metres tall. Flora category. It grows well in nitrogen-rich soil, blooms between June and September, and usually reaches 2–4 ft high. Urtica dioica botanical ... Wildlife Habitat. Publication Author Lust. Lancaster, USA: Lancaster Press. tall nettle. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Collection: The herb should be collected when the flowers are inbloom.. Part Used: Aerial parts.. Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. Unlike most other nettles, fen nettle has no stinging hairs or very few, instead being covered in fine, dense, non-stinging hairs. Habitat Urtica dioica is a native British perennial growing in damp forests or where land has been disturbed by man. Kingdom: Plantae. Contact us to report errors. The entire plant is covered with hairs that contain formic acid. Its range extends southwards into North Africa and estwards into parts of Asia. Urtica dioica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Habitat. It may not be known by many, but stinging nettles support over 40 species of insect including small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies. Burning nettle, Urtica urens, is also known as dwarf nettle or small nettle. Description. The trunk (stem): The stem is erect, with blunt edges, 50-150 cm high, branched. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. In: Schoenherr, Allan A., ed. Lifetime: long-Term. slender nettle. ... Habitat. Actions: Astringent, diuretic, tonic, hypotensive. Leaves, stems and roots are edible. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields Characteristics. the panicles carry both male and female flowers. Classification. Habitat. 2. Title A Modern Herbal. Title The Herb Book. Title Edible and Medicinal Plants. Urtica urens. There are numerous varieties of U. dioica, whereas there is only one known species of U. urens. Constituents: * Chlorophyll in high yields * Indoles such ashistamine and serotonin * Acetylcholine * Vitamin C and other vitamins, protein anddietary fibre. Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle, Common Nettle Main interest: wild food and medicinal value, butterfly nesting habitat and food Soil & Exposure: full sun to partial shade, medium moist soil Flower: pale yellow, May to October Foliage: green, toothed and hairy USDA Hardiness: zone 4: -34.4 °C (-30 °F) View Zone Map Mature height & width (max. The leaves are dark green, heart-shaped, finely serrated, and tapered at the ends. As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. dioica. Flower: Staminate and pistillate flowers separate, but on the same plant, flowers very small. Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. 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