Today, … Eur J Nutr. Influential groups misconstrued hemp as a dangerous "drug",[65] even though hemp is not a recreational drug and has the potential to be a sustainable and profitable crop for many farmers due to hemp's medical, structural and dietary uses. [15] Hemp oil is cold-pressed from the seed and is high in unsaturated fatty acids. Hemp seeds can be eaten raw and made into hemp meal or into a liquid form and used as a hemp milk. Eur J Nutr. The seeds of the hemp plant, also known as hemp nuts, are edible. Separation of hurd and bast fiber is known as decortication. "I strongly suspect, however, that what catapulted hemp to sudden fame and fortune as a cultigen and caused it to spread rapidly westwards in the first millennium B.C. Commercial biodiesel and biogas is typically produced from cereals, coconuts, palm seeds, and cheaper raw materials like garbage, wastewater, dead plant and animal material, animal feces and kitchen waste.[61]. [167], In order to recover the ailing Portuguese naval fleet after the Restoration of Independence in 1640, King John IV put a renewed emphasis on the growing of hemp. [17], In 2011, the US imported $11.5 million worth of hemp products, mostly driven by growth in the demand for hemp seed and hemp oil for use as ingredients in foods such as granola. It can be used to make a wide range of products. View abstract. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997, 1:383. [57] Alcohol fuel (ethanol or, less commonly, methanol) can be made by fermenting the whole plant. Seeds can also be ground up for flour or mixed with water to create hempseed milk. VanDolah HJ, Bauer BA, Mauck KF. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items, including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: J Thromb Haemost. Nitrogen should not be placed with the seed, but phosphate may be tolerated. This was traditionally followed by retting, either water retting (the bundled hemp floats in water) or dew retting (the hemp remains on the ground and is affected by the moisture in dew and by molds and bacterial action). This early cropping reduces the seed yield but improves the fiber yield and quality. View abstract. J Am Coll Nutr 2008;27:51-8. [140][141][142], One claim is that Hearst believed[dubious – discuss] that his extensive timber holdings were threatened by the invention of the decorticator that he feared would allow hemp to become a cheap substitute for the paper pulp used for newspaper. [21] The ratio of the 38.100 grams of polyunsaturated fats per 100 grams is 9.301 grams of omega‑3 to 28.698 grams of omega‑6. This means using hemp instead of wood for paper would end the practice of poisoning Earth's waterways with chlorine or dioxins from wood paper manufacturing. Kaul N, Kreml R, Austria JA, et al. Hemp was used extensively by the United States during World War II to make uniforms, canvas, and rope. Human societies have been using hemp fibers for clothing and other materials for over 10,000 years. sativa is the variety grown for industrial use, while C. sativa subsp. Fiber. [citation needed], Hemp is usually planted between March and May in the northern hemisphere, between September and November in the southern hemisphere. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. [74] As the names imply, they target the stems reducing the structural integrity of the plant. The potential benefits of hemp oil include improved heart, skin, and brain health. 2014;53(5):1237-46. Hemp paper are paper varieties consisting exclusively or to a large extent from pulp obtained from fibers of industrial hemp. View abstract. Hemp has many uses, but to understand its full potential it’s important to first look at the anatomy of a hemp plant. Hemp jewelry is the product of knotting hemp twine through the practice of macramé. 2010;58(22):11801-7. Sterilized hemp seeds can be made into oil for shampoo, soap, or body lotion. About 15% was used in the automotive sector, and 5-6% was used for insulation mats. [85][100], From the 1950s to the 1980s, the Soviet Union was the world's largest producer of hemp (3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi) in 1970). Hemp seeds are notable in providing 64% of the Daily Value (DV) of protein per 100-gram serving. A 100-gram portion of hulled hemp seeds supplies 586 calories. [156] Before WW II, the U.S. Navy used Jute and Manila Hemp from the Philippines and Indonesia for the cordage on their ships. Hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA. A considerable portion of hemp products falls into the category of food. A 2014 study Deforestation, particularly the destruction of old growth forests, and the world’s decreasing supply of wild timber resources are today major ecological concerns. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 22:15. Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativaplant species with a rich history in industrial, food and health-related uses. [70][72] Oilseed and fiber varieties of Cannabis approved for industrial hemp production produce only minute amounts of this psychoactive drug, not enough for any physical or psychological effects. The products are mainly specialty papers such as cigarette paper,[41] banknotes and technical filter papers. Along with being eaten just as they are, hemp seeds are used in a growing number of food products that can be added to other dishes , including hemp milk, hemp butter, hemp protein and even hemp … The inner two fibers of the plant are woodier and typically have industrial applications, such as mulch, animal bedding, and litter. Schwab US, Callaway JC, Erkkilä AT, Gynther J, Uusitupa MI, Järvinen T. Effects of hempseed and flaxseed oils on the profile of serum lipids, serum total and lipoprotein lipid concentrations and haemostatic factors. indica generally has poor fiber quality and female buds from this variety are primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes. So, it is generally grown before winter cereals. Hemp is the common name for plants of the entire genus Cannabis. Cheng CW, Bian ZX, Zhu LX, Wu JC, Sung JJ. Hemp as Textile. [106], The 2018 Farm Bill, which incorporated the Hemp Farming Act of 2018, removed hemp as a Schedule I drug and instead made it an agricultural commodity. Typically, these plastics are made by removing the fibers from the hemp stems, leaving a product that is largely cellulose, which can be used to make biodegradable plastic. Early research shows that taking hemp seed oil doesn't lower cholesterol levels in children with familial hypercholesterolemia who are already following a low-fat diet. Fibers from the hemp stalk help create stronger, safer and cheaper building materials. Complement Ther Med 2013;21(5):473-80. Research is ongoing, and it might uncover additional benefits. sativa var. Various car makers are beginning to use hemp in their cars, including Audi, BMW, Ford, GM, Chrysler, Honda, Iveco, Lotus, Mercedes, Mitsubishi, Porsche, Saturn, Volkswagen[38] and Volvo. The ameliorative effect of hemp seed hexane extracts on the Propionibacterium acnes-induced inflammation and lipogenesis in sebocytes. Neuroprotective protein hydrolysates from hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) seeds. J Agric Food Chem. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? Hemp contains less than 0.3 percent THC while marijuana contains more than 0.3 percent THC by volume. Rezapour-Firouzi S, Arefhosseini SR, Mehdi F, et al. Many Kimono designs portray hemp, or asa (Japanese: 麻), as a beautiful plant. Since hemp is very self-compatible, it can also be grown several years in a row in the same fields (monoculture). Feral hemp or ditch weed is usually a naturalized fibre or oilseed strain of Cannabis that has escaped from cultivation and is self-seeding. suited for a particular environments/latitudes, producing different ratios and compositions of terpenoids and cannabinoids (CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, CBN...etc. It is sometimes supposed that an excerpt from Washington's diary, which reads "Began to seperate [sic] the Male from the Female hemp at Do.&—rather too late" is evidence that he was trying to grow female plants for the THC found in the flowers. The oil obtained from hemp seed can be used to make paints, varnishes, soaps, and edible oil with a low smoke point. [158] Much of the hemp used was cultivated in Kentucky and the Midwest. [119][120] An archeological site in the Oki Islands near Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BC, probably signifying use of the plant. [169], This article is about industrial uses of Cannabis. Along with being eaten just as they are, hemp seeds are used in a growing number of food products that can be added to other dishes, … The effects of Cannabis sativa L. seed (hemp seed) on reproductive and neurobehavioral end points in rats. Industrial hempseed harvesting machine in France. [121] Hemp use archaeologically dates back to the Neolithic Age in China, with hemp fiber imprints found on Yangshao culture pottery dating from the 5th millennium BC. Hemp is also used in building materials. Since hemp grows faster than trees, hemp … 2018;262:56-66. 1929. Research indicates that the omega-3s and omega-6s in hemp oil may be effective in treating a number of skin conditions, including: Acne. Historically, the seed’s chief commercial use has been for caged-bird feed. [30] In the UK hemp lime was first used in 2000 for the construction of two test dwellings in Haverhill. Jefferson's Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826. Hemp is considered by a 1998 study in Environmental Economics to be environmentally friendly due to a decrease of land use and other environmental impacts, indicating a possible decrease of ecological footprint in a US context compared to typical benchmarks. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. Mikulcová V, Kaspárková V, Humpolícek P, Bunková L. Formulation, characterization and properties of hemp seed oil and its emulsions. Front Plant Sci. 2017;22(5). View abstract. View abstract. [157] America was forced to turn inward and revitalize the cultivation of Hemp on U.S. soils. View abstract. 2010;32(7):467-73. Richard MN, Ganguly R, Steigerwald SN, Al-Khalifa A, Pierce GN. (check all that apply). George Washington pushed for the growth of hemp as it was a cash crop commonly used to make rope and fabric. [22] Typically, the portion suggested on packages for an adult is 30 grams, approximately three tablespoons. [9], Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial and industrial products, including rope, textiles, clothing, shoes, food, paper, bioplastics, insulation, and biofuel. [71], Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. The United Kingdom and Germany resumed commercial production in the 1990s. was the spread of the habit of pot-smoking from somewhere in south-central Asia, where the drug-bearing variety of the plant originally occurred. Acta Physiol Hung. Hemp oil for anxiety is a particularly useful application as it fills a gap that THC is typically unable to meet. [26] Because of its versatility for use in a variety of products, today hemp is used in a number of consumer goods, including clothing, shoes, accessories, dog collars, and home wares. In late medieval Germany and Italy, hemp was employed in cooked dishes, as filling in pies and tortes, or boiled in a soup. During the war, Japan cut off those supply lines. There is archaeological evidence cannabis was used for clothing and the seeds were eaten in Japan back to the Jōmon period (10,000 to 300 BC). Along with bamboo, hemp is one of the fastest growing plants on Earth. [1] Along with bamboo, hemp is one of the fastest growing plants[2] on Earth. Inherited tendency towards high cholesterol (familial hypercholesterolemia). [87], In the Australian states of Tasmania, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, New South Wales, and most recently, South Australia, the state governments have issued licences to grow hemp for industrial use. Hemp can be used as a cheap and efficient replacement for many of our traditional materials used in producing products that we use daily. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. If you see a lighter that’s been wrapped up in what looks like twine, it’s for easy access to the hemp wick. View abstract. Hemp's use as a wood substitute will contribute to preserving biodiversity. Zanoni C, Aiello G, Arnoldi A, Lammi C. Hempseed peptides exert hypocholesterolemic effects with a statin-like mechanism. [112] Hemp production in North Carolina resumed in 2017,[113] and in Washington State the same year. Published only in Swedish), Interview with Dr. V. G. Virovets, the head of the Hemp Breeding Department at the Institute of Bast Crops, "The Miraculous Hemp Plant: History, Uses, and Benefits", 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632070.003.0005, "The U.S. Hemp Industry grows to $820mm in sales in 2017", "Information paper on industrial hemp (industrial cannabis)", "History of cannabis and its preparations in saga, science, and sobriquet", "Feasibility of Industrial Hemp Production in the United States Pacific Northwest, SB681", Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly, 1619, "Diary of George Washington, entry 7 August 1765", "Diary of George Washington, entry 22 August 1765", "Diary of George Washington, entry September 1765", "From George Washington to William Pearce, 29 May 1796", James F. Hopkins, "Slavery in the Hemp Industry", "American Chemical Society: THE FIRST NYLON PLANT. The paper then discusses the potential of hemp as an alternative crop. Eczema (atopic dermatitis). 2018;13(8):e0202933. "[135][136], Other presidents known to have farmed hemp for alternative purposes include Thomas Jefferson,[137] James Madison, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, Zachary Taylor, and Franklin Pierce. It can be used to make a wide range of products. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Smallholder plots are usually harvested by hand. Callaway J, Schwab U, Harvima I, et al. Hemp has been used to make paper for thousands of years; hemp paper dates back to 200 BCE in China. If you reside in a state where it’s currently legal, you may seem like CBD has actually gone from being … Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. [6] The legality of industrial hemp varies widely between countries. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for hemp. In 1948, marijuana was restricted as a narcotic drug. Int J Food Sci Nutr. Moccia S, Siano F, Russo GL, et al. For an annual yield of this level is it in Ontario recommended to add nitrogen (N):70–110 kg/ha, phosphate (P2O5): up to 80 kg/ha and potash (K2O): 40–90 kg/ha. [166], The cultivation of hemp in Portuguese lands began around the fourteenth century. 2014;62(5):1105-10. This paper begins with a history of hemp use and then describes how hemp was constructed as a dangerous crop in the U.S. in human colorectal cell lines. This term is often used to refer only to Cannabis strains cultivated for industrial (non-drug) use. Altern Ther Health Med. [138], Historically, hemp production had made up a significant portion of antebellum Kentucky's economy. [140][143] Historical research indicates this fear was unfounded because improvements of the decorticators in the 1930s – machines that separated the fibers from the hemp stem – could not make hemp fiber a cheaper substitute for fibers from other sources. [14], FAO argue that an optimum yield of hemp fiber is more than 2 tonnes per ha, while average yields are around 650 kg/ha. Hemp oil is also good for inflammation, anxiety, and pain. ), fibre quality, oil/seed yield, etc. Taking hemp seed oil might relieve some symptoms of eczema, including dryness and itchiness.
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