Length: 8.7-12.2 in Weight: 2.8-5.8 oz Wingspan: 20.1-24.0 in. They choose cliffs as nesting sites and can be found at elevations of up to 12,000 feet. Some sources claim up to 240 mph. Merlins are very widespread raptors and can be found in some capacity in all of North America. Falcons are the largest and most powerful birds, that belong to the genus Falco, and include bird species like the Peregrine falcon and the Gyrfalcon, the latter being the largest member of the falcon family. What they eat: Acorns, bulbs, tree shoots, buds, fungi, nuts and roots. They are most likely to be seen in downtown areas of Indiana's largest cities, along Lake Michigan, and along rivers and lakes during migration. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a19e7e1d8807ed0837519b2123db3145" );document.getElementById("b32a4e9db7").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They hunt primarily birds in open country, sometimes flying high and attacking from above, but more often approaching fast and low, hugging ground contours. Juveniles are heavily streaked; the flight feathers of dark juveniles are lighter and contrast with the rest of the wing. They primarily feed on insects and invertebrates, but also eat small mammals and other birds. 9. Falcons belong to a different family than that to which most hawks and eagles belong. In Pennsylvania, there were 44 known nest sites; most were on cliffs, usually along rivers. Falcons start to breed when they are about a year old. Peregrine Falcon. The longest known lifespan for a captive peregrine falcon is 25 years. Grey herons are the largest birds most of us ever see in our garden: the wing span is around 6ft. Jesse enjoys bird watching and feeding birds in his backyard, learning about the different species, and sharing his knowledge and experiences. Browse North American birds by shape—helpful if you don’t know exactly which type of bird you’ve seen. The largest falcon in the world, the ghostly Gyrfalcon is a fierce predator in the High Arctic, where it chases down ptarmigans in flight or plummets from the sky at breathtaking speeds to strike prey to the ground. Peregrine falcons are the "state raptor" of Idaho, and were featured prominently on the state's commemorative quarter minted in 2004. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. The persecution of falcons remains commonplace throughout New Zealand, with some birds being shot every year. Listen to the Atlanta Falcons radio on TuneIn. Cats and mustelids have been filmed preying on adults and chicks. Falcons and Caracaras(Order: Falconiformes, Family:Falconidae). The Peregrine falcon is 15-20 inches tall with a 38-44 inch wingspan, about the size of a crow. Prairie falcons are large, sandy brown above and off-white with variable amounts of streaking below. The Atlanta Falcons selected cornerback A.J. Young birds tend to be darker and browner than the adults. Falcons. Gyrfalcons are very large falcons. If you’re lucky you may also find pine cones that have been nibbled leaving what looks like an apple core behind! The wings and tail are bluish-gray, while the back and head are a … Falcons (/ ˈ f ɒ l k ən, ˈ f ɔː l-, ˈ f æ l-/) are birds of prey in the genus Falco, which includes … Their backs, wings and heads are charcoal gray, their chests are white and their bellies and legs are heavily striped (horizontally) with dark gray. Falcons are generally solitary birds and only really come together to mate. Learn more about us here. Falcons are typically dark gray or brown above, with lighter or even white plumage below, their underparts extensively marked with black or gray. Some species can live up to 25 years in captivity. 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